Annotated Bibliography

Berry, Wendell. “Agricultural Solutions to Agricultural Problems.” Bringing It to the Table: On Farming and Food. Berkeley: Counterpoint, 2009. 30-36. Print.

In this article, Wendell Berry argues for a return of the organic and natural practices of farming by underscoring the shortcomings of an industrial vision of agriculture.  He contends that the treatment of man as a machine has negative implications both for the nature of agriculture and for humanity itself, including consequences such as ecological destruction and the deterioration of man’s relationship to nature and even to himself.  This article explicates the impact of industrialization, and its assertions can be applied also to the negative effects of globalization.

Blackburn, Bradley. “Clothing ‘Made in America’: Should U.S. Manufacture More Clothes?” ABC Business News. ABC News Network, 10 Mar. 2011. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://abcnews.go.com/Business/MadeInAmerica/made-america-clothes-clothing-made-usa/story?id=13108258>.

This journalistic article explores how only two percent of clothing worn by Americans is actually made in America.  The author looks at different companies, different goods, and the disparate locations in which they were manufactured and how product prices differ based on labor costs.  This article was helpful for us to flesh out globalization’s impact on Americans.

Brown, Lester. “Could Food Shortages Bring down Civilization.” Scientific American May 2009: n. pag. Print.

By using logic as evidence for his assertions, Brown showed how food shortages could bring down civilization.  He provides historical and political events which served to support his thesis.  However, he could have provided better facts, rather than just logical sequences, to support his thesis.  Despite this, the impact of globalization played an intrinsic and supported role in his argument, so this article helped us flesh out the negative effects of globalization.

Food, Inc. Dir. Robert Kenner. Perf. Michael Pollan, Eric Schlosser and Richard Lobb. 2008. DVD.

This documentary exploits the food industry, and it provides reasons for the failures of this industry.  This film examines corporate farming in the United States, concluding that agribusiness produces food that is unhealthy, in a way that is environmentally harmful and abusive of both animals and employees.  One of the reasons for these failures is increased industrialization and a globalized economic order.  The food industry is not always a mainly examined effect of globalization, so this unique angle worked well into our argument.

Friedman, Thomas L. The Lexus and the Olive Tree: Understanding Globalization. New York: Picador, 2012. Print.

Thomas Friedman shows how technology, capital, and information are transforming the global marketplace, leveling boundaries.  Through acute analysis, Friedman explains the conflict between globalizing forces and local cultures, and he shows why a balance between progress and the preservation of ancient traditions will ensure a better future for all.  His analysis and reporting provided our definition of globalization with insightful ideas.

Ghemawat, Pankaj. “Why the World Isn’t Flat.” Foreign Policy (2007): 54-60. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/students/envs_5000/ghemawat_2007.pdf>.

Ghemawat responds to Thomas Friedman’s assertion that the world is flat by looking at globalization from a different, less exaggerated economic perspective.  He posits that globalization can, in fact, be reversible and halted.  He poses evidence from history and modern findings.  His work was helpful to show the differences and perspectives on globalization.

Globalization. Perf. Jörn Barkemeyer and Jan Künzl. WissensWerte, 24 Oct. 2011. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3oTLyPPrZE4>.

This video shows that the world is becoming more and more interconnected.  Globalization changes how people consume, work and live almost everywhere on the world.  Today, many economic, political, and cultural relationships are not explainable from a national perspective.  At the same time, a controversial debate about the consequences of globalization has begun.  This video answers the questions: What are the main causes for globalization?  In what areas it is most prominent?  Who are the winners and losers of globalization?

“Globalization Quotes.” BrainyQuote. Xplore, Inc., n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2012. <http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/globalization.html>.

This was the site from which we assimilated the quotes for our homepage.  This webpage contained several quotes about globalization spoken or written by numerous famous people who held diverse opinions on the issue of globalization.

IMF Staff. “Globalization: A Brief Overview.” Imf.org. International Monetary Fund, May 2008. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/ib/2008/053008.htm>.

This source is an issues brief coming from the International Monetary Fund’s website.  It is an extremely credible source as there are various authors and it comes directly from the IMF website.  The issue brief aided in the development of definitions for globalization where it offered a different view than previous sources.  It also aided in the explanation of what effect globalization has had on trade and therefore productivity.

Keohane, Robert O., and Joseph S. Nye. “Globalization: What’s New? What’s Not? (And So What?).” Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition. 3rd ed. New York: Longman, 2000. 104-19. Print.

This book was useful in understanding the theory of complex interdependence as a result of globalization, which serves as the opposite of the traditional realist framework.  After defining complex interdependence and outlining its main characteristics, the authors then apply their neoliberal theory to four different examples.  It was well written and researched. The points were clear and thoroughly formulated.

Kingsolver, Ann E. “Development Plans: Living on the Edge.” Tobacco Town Futures: Global Encounters in Rural Kentucky. Long Grove, IL: Waveland, 2011. 59-106. Print.

Kingsolver writes this ethnography to uncover global issues in a rural area.  She shows that globalization occurs even in the most seemingly isolated locations.  Her perspective is both as a former Nicholas Countian, a resident herself, and as an outsider, as she left her hometown and returned years later to write this.  The global encounters portrayed gave us credible and comprehensive data to incorporate into our website.

Mann, Brenda. “You@Work: Jobs, Identity, and the Internet.” Conformity and Conflict: Readings in Cultural Anthropology. Boston: Little, Brown, 2012. 189-96. Print.

This article, found in a compilation of anthropological ethnographies, elucidates the importance of an Internet identity in this increasingly technologically inclined world.  While it does not explicitly relate to globalization, its implications about the increased connections and networks created by humans across the world do relate to the interconnectedness of globalization.

Naim, Moises. “Think Again: Globalization.” Foreign Policy (2009): 1-5. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.unc.edu/world/2009Residential/Think%20Again.pdfhttp://>.

Naim answers several questions about globalization which are crucial to its understanding.  While his tone was very harsh, his argument was very one-sided, and he could have employed more sources, he offered a different perspective than many articles we have read about globalization and its ramifications.

Orr, David. “Love It or Lose It: The Coming Biophilia Revolution.” Earth in Mind: On Education, Environment, and the Human Prospect. Washington D.C.: Island, 2004. 131-53. Print.

Orr argues that man’s relationship to nature has deteriorated because of modernization.  Globalization and modernization are intertwined in the way they have evolved along with increasing technology and industrialization.  He expand on biophilia, a term coined by the evolutionary biologist E.O. Wilson in order to shape his argument which contains applications to economics and politics.

Rivoli, Pietra. The Travels of a T-shirt in the Global Economy: An Economist Examines the Markets, Power and Politics of the World Trade. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2009. Print.

Rivoli traces the journey of a $5.99 Walgreens t-shirt from its inception on farms in Lubbock, Texas to its production in China to its sale in the United States.  She examines the textile industry, the Chinese sweatshops, and the evolution of agriculture in order to provide a complete approach to economics.  This book shows a mainstream focus on economics and prosperity (or lack thereof), instead of how globalization affects the environment and man’s relationship with nature.  Our argument focused on the clash of ideologies between these two viewpoints.

Scheuerman, William. “Globalization.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University, 4 June 2010. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/globalization/>.

This article provides information on the different theories behind globalization as well as the potential impact it has on the political theory.  It also aids in defining what globalization is.  Written by a Stanford scholar and information coming from many sources, this article contains credible information.  This article was the most helpful in pertinence to the project in the fact that it helped us gather a different definition of globalization and to see some of the challenges that come from globalization.

Shandy, Dianna. “The Road to Refugee Resettlement.” Conformity and Conflict: Readings in Cultural Anthropology. Boston: Little, Brown, 2012. 316-24. Print.

Shandy writes about refugees, particularly those from the Nuer tribe of Africa.  Since this non-Western group was unbounded and not clearly definable, her scope of study was limited to the few refugees who migrated to America whom she could locate.  Her discussion of becoming a refugee was thorough, as she explained both the political and cultural implications of this process.  Her section on adaptation, on the other hand, relied on one refugee’s story to encompass the general experience of resettlement.  Overall, however, the article was insightful and applicable to our project’s goals of elucidating the major issues of globalization.

Spradley, James P., and David W. McCurdy. Conformity and Conflict: Readings in Cultural Anthropology. Boston: Little, Brown, 2012. Print.

This book is a compilation of anthropological articles organized to expose students to a variety of issues and topics concerning modern anthropologists.  Section nine is entitled “Globalization,” and this section, along with several other articles, elucidated different anthropological views, rather than solely political or economic views.  The perspectives on refugees as global citizens who created their own microcultures within the United States, the stories of global women who migrated for work, and the creation of identity in a modernizing world all aided in forming a more comprehensive approach to this project.

Ssenyonga, Allan B. “Americanization or Globalization?” Global Envision. MercyCorps, 2 Oct. 2006. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.globalenvision.org/library/33/1273/>.

This article is written by a Ugandan writer who is exploring the growing influence of American culture around the world.  The article is biased and attempting to influence readers to conclude that globalization is in fact Americanization.  This article aided the research due to its definition of globalization as well as the impacts of globalization that it details.  This source was especially useful in the research for the question of “Is globalization a “good” thing for Americans and the United States” because it gave a different view of globalization which makes one question if it is good or not.  It comes from a Ugandan point of view, explaining how globalization has negatively impacted smaller and poorer nations and gives the idea that globalization has led to war for Americans for example.  It shows that globalization can be a powerful thing for Americans, but also have negative effects.

Steger, Manfred B. Globalisms: The Great Ideological Struggle of the Twenty-first Century. 3rd ed. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2009. Print.

This new edition of Manfred Steger’s award-winning book explores the three principal ideologies of our time: the dominant “market globalism” based on a neoliberal vision of the world as a single marketplace, the “justice globalism” developed over the last decade by a transnational coalition of global civil society forces, and the “jihadist globalism” of radical Islamists seeking to galvanize their global community of believers into violent action.  His treatment of globalisms as ideologies and globalization as processes helped us to distinguish and expand our discussion of “What is Globalization?”

“The Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco: Economic Research, Educational Resources, Community Development, Consumerand Banking Information.” The Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco: Economic Research, Educational Resources, Community Development, Consumerand Banking Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Nov. 2012. <http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2004/el2004-12.html>.

This source is an Economic Letter that is adapted from remarks that were given to the Hawaii Society of Investment Professionals.  It is a credible source coming from the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.  This source was valuable in the answering of “Is globalization a “good” thing for Americans and the United States?”  Within the letter, one section is devoted to attempting to answer that very question.  The writer lists the negatives of globalization for Americans such as job loss to foreign workers, but also lists the positives that come from globalization such as at home jobs for management and IT workers.  This source gave an economical standpoint of whether globalization is in fact good or innately evil.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. “After Developmentalism and Globalization, What?” Social Forces 3rd ser. 83 (2005): 1263-278. JSTOR. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/3598277.pdf?acceptTC=truehttp://>.

Immanuel Wallerstein is a US sociologist, historical social scientist, and world-systems analyst.  In this analysis, he explained three different types of nations: core, periphery, and semi-periphery.  In our analysis, then, we related these systems to our own examples.  His assertions applied greatly to our argument, and his thesis was credible for our purposes.

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